BEST CHOICE FISHERIES
Troll-caught California King Salmon and Hook-and-line-caught
Albacore are considered "best choice" fisheries by the Monterey Bay Aquarium, in
Monterey, California, based on the following criteria.
They have a wild population abundant enough to sustain
They have low levels of wasted catch or "bycatch."
Fish are caught in ways that protect the environment.
At less than 200 calories per 3-ounce portion, salmon is an
excellent source of quality protein (21 grams, 47% of the recommended daily
intake). Salmon is low in saturated fat and sodium, and rich in vitamins and
minerals. Ocean-run California King salmon is also very rich in omega-3 fatty
acids, which provide a variety of health benefits. In fact, a 2001 study by the
USDA determined that the level of omega-3 in wild California salmon is nearly
30% greater than previously recorded.
Albacore is also an excellent source of quality protein and
omega-3 fatty acids, with a minimum of calories, fat, and sodium. A 31/2-ounce
serving contains 25 grams of protein (fully half the adult daily requirement),
158 calories, and 6 grams of fat.
INTERESTING SALMON FACTS
California is the leading producer of troll-caught King
(Chinook) salmon along the Pacific Coast.
Chinook salmon are called "Kings" because they are regarded as
the most prized, as well as the largest, of the Pacific salmon species.
In Washington and Oregon, King salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
are called Chinook, while in British Columbia they are called Spring salmon.
Other names include Quinnat, Tyee, Tule, and Blackmouth.
Other species of Pacific Salmon include Chum (Oncorhynchus keta),
also known as Dogs, or Calico; Coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) also known as Silver;
Pink (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) also known as Humpback; and, Sockeye (Oncorhynchus
nerka) also known as Red.
Some salmon migrate several thousand miles from the time they
leave the rivers as juveniles until they return as adults. A Chinook salmon
tagged in the central Aleutian Islands and recovered a year later in the Salmon
River in Idaho, had traveled nearly 3,500 miles.
Like all species of Pacific salmon, King salmon are anadromous.
They hatch in fresh water, spend part of their life in the ocean, and then spawn
in fresh water. All Kings die after spawning. (A catadromous fish does the
opposite: living in fresh water and entering salt water to spawn. Most of the
eels are catadromous.)
INTERESTING ALBACORE FACTS
There are seven commercial and sport-caught tunas, as well as
several related species, all of which are members of what is called the scombrid
family. Commercially caught tunas include Albacore, Bigeye, Blackfin, Bluefin,
Bonito, Skipjack, and Yellowfin. (Among the largest tunas are the Bluefin, which
can weigh over 1,000 pounds.)
Canned tuna comprises the bulk of the fish consumed in this
country, and the price and grade of canned tuna is determined by the species of
tuna used. Albacore is considered the best of all types of tuna. Canned Skipjack
and Yellowfin tuna are sold as "light meat," but only Albacore can be labeled as
premium "white meat" tuna. (If you haven't bought canned Albacore before, notice
Other names for Albacore (Thunnus alalunga) include Longfin
tuna, Tombo Ahi, and Ahi Palana.
Tunas and tuna-like fish, billfish, and certain sharks are speed
champions, reaching 50 miles per hour in short bursts.